Acne

Acne Treatment

It is time to know about acne treatments and medication:-

Acne- Oil, dirt and dead skin cells on the surface of your skin close your pores and create pimples or small, localized infections.

Treatments- To clear away bacteria and dry up the excess oils from the skin that lead you to acne.

Different acne treatments include:

  • lifestyle remedies
  • Topical medication
  • Oral medication
  • Medical procedures.

The acne treatment and medication that’s good for you totally depend on your individual type of condition. Mild to moderate acne, such as whiteheads or blackheads, your treatment should be really easy. But, if you have cystic or inflammatory acne, then treatment may be more difficult.

Types of acne…

Lifestyle remedies

Lifestyle remedies are one of the easiest and simple acne treatment and medications the Many people with mild acne or pimples can manage their condition just by changing their lifestyle. Oil is a main cause of acne, so keeping your face and hair clean, especially if your hair tends to be greasy. Oils from your hair and face also build up on your bedding. Changing your pillowcase daily or weekly is important and that can help you to prevent this buildup.

  • Wash your face two to three times daily with lukewarm water and a gentle cleanser.
  • Do not scrub your skin too hard.
  • Don’t use skin care products that can be irritating (scented lotions or oil-based makeup)
  • Choose moisturizers and sunscreens that contain “noncomedogenic.”

Just doing these simple things will help you to resolve and mild acne and if you want something a little stronger, then your doctor may suggest you also use topical or oral medication.

Topical medications

Lotions, gels, and creams that you apply to your skin are topical medications. You use these types of products in your daily life to apply a thin coat on your skin in the morning and at bedtime after washing your face. Right now some of these products are available over the counter, and others require a prescription.

OTC acne products contain active ingredients such as salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide. These substances help you to decrease the amount of oil produced by your body every day and they also fight inflammation. These effects help treat existing blemishes and prevent them from forming new ones.

Prescription topical medications can help when OTC products are not strong enough to cure your skin problem. These acne gels or creams may contain tretinoin (a retinoid drug), this is a stronger version of benzoyl peroxide, or an antibiotic called clindamycin.

Oral medications

Oral medications or systemic treatments are absorbed throughout your entire body. The oral medications are only available with a prescription from your doctor. These drugs are normally used to treat moderate to severe acne that doesn’t respond to topical agents.

 There are three types of systemic drugs used to treat acne include:

  • Antibiotic
  • Birth control pills
  • Isotretinoin

Antibiotics

The antibiotic pill may prescribe by your doctor or dermatologist, such as tetracycline. Antibiotics can help fight bacteria and infection from the inside out. Antibiotics are commonly used with topical medication when normal gels and creams alone don’t help you to improve your condition.

Birth control pills

Sometimes regulating hormone levels can help improve acne for some women. Keep in mind that, you should not use birth control pills during pregnancy.

Isotretinoin

Isotretinoin is a strong drug in the retinoid family. It helps you to reduces the size of oil glands so that they produce less oil. It helps regulate skin cell turnover so that the cells don’t block the release of bacteria and excess oil from your pores. Isotretinoin is mostly used for those people who have severe cystic acne. Your doctor only prescribes it when other acne drugs won’t work on you. However, this has few side effects, so it isn’t for everyone.

Procedures to treat acne

There are few medical procedures that may be used to treat severe acne. These procedures can only be performed in your doctor’s office. They may be painful and in some cases cause scarring. Procedures to treat acne:

  • Drainage and extraction
  • Laser therapy
  • Chemical peels and microdermabrasion

Drainage and extraction

Your doctor manually drains large cysts that form under your skin. The doctor removes fluids, dirt, pus, and dead skin inside the cyst to reduce infection and pain. Your doctor may also inject antibiotics or asteroids into the cyst to speed up your healing process and reduce the risk of scarring.

Laser therapy

The laser uses in surgery and other medical or cosmetic treatment. Laser therapy may also help improve acne infection. Laser light helps reduce the number of bacteria on your skin that causes acne.

Chemical peels and microdermabrasion

What is microdermabrasion-

Microdermabrasion is a process in which, professionals use a vacuum to remove dead skin from the outer layer of your skin to improve fine lines, aging skin, and discoloration. It is pain-free, requires no downtime post-treatment, and is completely safe.

Microdermabrasion treats the following conditions:

  • Acne
  • Hyperpigmentation
  • Dry skin
  • Fine lines
  • Uneven pigmentation
  • Clogged pores
  • Rosacea
  • Minor scars
  • Skin texture problems

What are chemical peels-

Chemical peels treat fine lines, wrinkles, breakouts, and other topical skin issues. It works like microdermabrasion. While microdermabrasion gently removes the epidermis by suction, a chemical peel uses a chemical solution to dissolve the skin off. 

Chemical peels treat the following conditions:

  • Acne
  • Fine lines
  • Crow’s feet
  • Brown spots
  • Sagging skin
  • Wrinkles
  • Blemishes
  • Hyperpigmentation
  • Melasma (patchy facial skin discoloration)
  • Scars

A chemical peel works deeper than microdermabrasion, revealing new skin underneath. It does require a few days of peeling. Most dermatologists offer a few different levels of chemical peel in order to customize the process to your needs. 

Microdermabrasion on chemical peel

Microdermabrasion is an affordable and fast option. But, on the other hand, chemical peel bit costly and lasts longer.

Here are a few pros and cons of each treatment for you to evaluate:

Pros

Microdermabrasion Chemical peel

Painless and Affordable long-lasting results (1-2 months)
Faster healing Improves acne, scars, redness, wrinkles, pigmentation
Glowing ComplexionMulti-levels/types
Improve acne, dryness, textureMay reduce skin cancer risk

Cons

Microdermabrasion Chemical Peel

One-size-fits-all More expensive
Not as targetedMore painful
Requires multiple treatmentsLonger healing time

Acne treatments during pregnancy

Pregnant women with acne may not have all of the same treatment options as others. The medications used to treat acne in teens and adults are not safe to use during pregnancy.

Isotretinoin and tetracycline can harm a fetus. Isotretinoin has directly linked with birth defects and the use of tetracycline that can discolor your baby’s teeth. So don’t use either of them during pregnancy.

The benzoyl peroxide acne products are safe to use during pregnancy.

Side effects

Side effects of acne treatments vary depending on the method you choose and the strength of the medication.

Topical acne drugs’ most common side effects are skin dryness and irritation. But, these symptoms are temporary. They improve your body gets used to the medication. If your skin feels itches, burns, or peels heavily, then tell your doctor.

The side effects of oral medications can be a little more serious. These antibiotics can give you an upset stomach, make you dizzy and lightheaded. Some antibiotics can reduce how well birth control pills protect you from pregnancy.

If you are using birth control pills to manage your acne, then you will be aware of the side effects of oral contraceptives, increased risk of blood clots, and high blood pressure.

Oral isotretinoin has severe side effects, especially if you are pregnant while taking it. Severe birth defects have been reported in babies whose mothers took isotretinoin during their pregnancy.

The medication can also increase the risk of depression, suicidal thoughts and affect your cholesterol levels and liver function.

Talk to your doctor

Acne is an easily treatable condition. When basic lifestyle changes don’t seem to do any work on your skin, then try invasive treatment, OTC products. If you need something stronger then talk with your doctor. They will diagnose your acne and suggest perfect steps for treatment.

Advanced medical research is trying to find new ways to fight these infections.