What’s Causing Your Abdominal Pain and How to Treat It

Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain is pain that occurs between the abdominal and pelvic regions. Abdominal symptoms can be crampy, achy, painful, intermittent, or sharp. It’s is called a stomachache. Inflammation or infections that affect internal reproductive organs in the abdomen and can cause abdominal pain. Major organs sites located in nearby the commune include:

  • intestines (small and large)
  • kidneys
  • appendix (a part of the large intestine)
  • spleen
  • stomach
  • gallbladder
  • liver
  • pancreas

Viral, bacterial, or parasitic infections that affect the upper stomach and intestines tract may also cause significant infections pain.


Abdominal errors can be represented by many matrices conditions. However, the main causes identified are diabetes, chronic tumor growths disease, inflammation, kidney obstruction ( blockage syndrome ), and abnormal intestinal disorders. Infections in the throat, intestines, and liver can cause toxic bacteria to enter your entire digestive tract, resulting in inflammation pain. These withdrawal symptoms may also cause severe changes in indigestion, such as diarrhea or constipation.

Cramps associated together with menstruation are also a potential source of severe abdominal pain, but these symptoms are more commonly believed to also cause pelvic pain.

Other common causes of abdominal pain include:

  • constipation
  • diarrhea
  • gastroenteritis (stomach flu)
  • acid reflux
  • vomiting
  • stress

Diseases that affect the digestive system can also cause chronic abdominal pain and the most common are:

  • gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • irritable bowel syndrome or spastic colon (a disorder that causes abdominal pain, cramping, and changes in bowel movements)
  • Crohn’s disease (an inflammatory bowel disease)
  • lactose intolerance (the inability to digest lactose, the sugar found in milk and milk products)

Causes of severe abdominal pain include:

  • organ rupture or near-rupture (such as a burst appendix, or appendicitis)
  • gallbladder stones (known as gallstones)
  • kidney stones
  • kidney infection


Abdominal functions can be described as localized, cramp-like, or colicky.

Localized usage is limited to one syllable of length abdomen. This type of problem is often formally characterized by problems contained in a category organ. The most common clinical cause of localized pain is stomach tract ulcers ( localized sores on the inner lining of muscles of the stomach). Cramp-like cough may be associated with diarrhea symptoms, constipation, bloating, or flatulence. In women, pregnancy can be strongly associated with premature menstruation, miscarriage, or sexual reproductive complications. This eternal pain comes and goes, which may go away on its own without treatment.

Colicky pain is a symptom of more severe conditions, conditions such as gallstones or severe stones. This pain usually arises suddenly and may even feel more like contracting a painful muscle spasm.

Location of pain

Pain that’s spreading outward throughout the body ( not in one specific area specifically ) may indicate inflammation:

  • appendicitis (inflammation of the appendix)
  • Crohn’s disease
  • traumatic injury
  • irritable bowel syndrome
  • urinary tract infection
  • the flu

Pain that’s focused in the lower abdomen may indicate:

  • appendicitis
  • intestinal obstruction
  • ectopic pregnancy (a pregnancy that occurs outside the womb)

In women, pain in the reproductive organs of the lower abdomen can be caused by:

  • severe menstrual pain (called dysmenorrhea)
  • ovarian cysts
  • miscarriage
  • fibroids
  • endometriosis
  • pelvic inflammatory disease
  • ectopic pregnancy

Upper abdominal pain may be caused by:

  • gallstones
  • heart attack
  • hepatitis (liver inflammation)
  • pneumonia

Pain in the center of the abdomen might be from:

  • appendicitis
  • gastroenteritis
  • injury
  • uremia (buildup of waste products in your blood)

Lower left abdominal pain may be caused by:

  • Crohn’s disease
  • cancer
  • kidney infection
  • ovarian cysts
  • appendicitis

Upper left abdominal pain is sometimes caused by:

  • enlarged spleen
  • fecal impaction (hardened stool that can’t be eliminated)
  • injury
  • kidney infection
  • heart attack
  • cancer

Causes of lower right abdominal pain include:

  • appendicitis
  • hernia (when an organ protrudes through a weak spot in the abdominal muscles)
  • kidney infection
  • cancer
  • flu

Upper right abdominal pain may be from:

  • hepatitis
  • injury
  • pneumonia
  • appendicitis

When to see the doctor

Mild abdominal pain may go away without pain treatment. However, in some cases, abdominal surgery may warrant a change to a normal doctor. Call 911 if your knee pain syndrome is particularly severe and associated with severe trauma ( from an accident or injury sustained ) or excessive pressure or swelling in the person’s chest.

You, patients, should seek immediate medical care if the pain is so severe that you can’t sit still or need something to curl into a ball to get comfortable, or relax if you have any of the symptoms following:

  • bloody stools
  • fever greater than 101°F (38.33°C)
  • vomiting up blood (called hematemesis)
  • persistent nausea or vomiting
  • yellowing of the skin or eyes
  • swelling or severe tenderness of the abdomen
  • difficulty breathing

Make an appointment with your doctor if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • abdominal pain that lasts longer than 24 hours
  • prolonged constipation
  • vomiting
  • a burning sensation when you urinate
  • fever
  • loss of appetite
  • unexplained weight loss

You call your doctor if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding and you experience abdominal pain.

Abdominal pain diagnosed?

The cause of abdominal pain can be easily diagnosed directly through a series of tests. Before begin ordering suit yourself, choose your nearest opponent who will do a foul bidding examination. This includes gently pressing on various areas of lower your upper body to help check for your tenderness and swelling.

This examination, combined with the overall severity of the infection and its location within the patient, will help your doctor determine which tests correspond to order.

Imaging tests techniques, such as MRI scans, ultrasounds, and X-rays, are used to view organs, tissues, and skeletal structures in the body in imaging detail. These tests can help diagnose cracks, fractures, ruptures, and inflammation.

Other tests include:

  • colonoscopy (to look inside the colon and intestines)
  • endoscopy (to detect inflammation and abnormalities in the esophagus and stomach)
  • upper GI (a special X-ray test that uses contrast dye to check for the presence of growths, ulcers, inflammation, blockages, and other abnormalities in the stomach)

Blood, urine, and stool samples may also occasionally be collected to look for evidence of bacterial, viral, and bacterial parasitic infections.