This article of 15 Powerful Home Remedies for Acne is totally based on research. You can find the source link in this article.
What is acne?
Acne is one of the most common skin diseases in the world, it affects about 85% of young adults all over the world 1*.
Salicylic acid, niacinamide, or benzoyl peroxide are proven to be the most effective acne solutions. But these are expensive and have some side effects like dryness, redness, and irritation.
That’s why many peoples look for home remedies to cure their acne at home by applying natural ways we all know that nature is the best option in every term. Studies show that 77% of acne patients try to find alternative natural acne treatments.
We know that many home remedies have a lack of scientific backing and lack of research on their effectiveness, but if you are looking for alternative treatment then you have come to the right place. So there are few home remedies that you can try.
This article explores 15 powerful home remedies for acne. Here we begin.
What causes acne?
When oil and dead skin cells clog your skin pores then it causes acne
Every pore is connected to a sebaceous gland. The sebaceous gland produces an oily substance called sebum. Sebum can plug pores, causing the growth of a bacteria known as Propionibacterium acnes, or P. acnes.
When your white blood cells attack P. acnes, then it causes skin inflammation and acne. In some cases of acne are more severe than others, but common symptoms include whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples.
Many factors that contribute to the development of acne are:
- Hormone changes
Standard clinical treatments are best for reducing acne. You can also try home treatments, though more research on their effectiveness is needed. Below are 15 powerful home remedies for acne.
15 Powerful Home Remedies for Acne
1 – Apple Cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is made by fermenting apple cider, or the unfiltered juice from pressed apples.
It’s known for its ability to fight many types of bacteria and fungi (2*).
Apple cider vinegar contains organic acids, such as citric acid. Citric acid has been found to kill P. acnes (3*).
Research has shown that succinic acid, another organic acid can suppress inflammation caused by P. acnes and it may prevent scarring (4*).
Lactic acid may also improve the appearance of acne scars (5*).
While certain components of apple cider vinegar may help you with acne, but there’s currently no evidence that supports its use for this purpose. Some dermatologists also advise against using apple cider vinegar at all. That may irritate the skin.
How to use it
- Mix 1 part apple cider vinegar and 3 parts water (use more water for sensitive skin).
- After cleansing, gently apply the mixture to the skin using a cotton ball.
- Let sit for 5–20 seconds, rinse with water and pat dry.
- Repeat this process 1–2 times per day, as needed.
If you want to try It then remembers that applying apple cider vinegar to your skin may cause burns and irritation. If you choose to try it, then use it in small amounts and dilute it with water to reduce the cause of burns and irritation.
2 – Take Zinc Supplements
Zinc is one of the most essential nutrients that are important for cell growth, hormone production, metabolism, immune function and may protect your skin from UV damage. It’s relatively well studied compared with other natural treatments for acne.
Zinc oxide contains the highest amount of elemental zinc at 80%.
Research shows that people with acne tend to have lower levels of zinc in their blood than those with clear skin.
Several studies have also shown that taking zinc supplements on daily basics may help reduce acne.
In the year 2014 review found that zinc is more effective at treating severe and inflammatory acne than treating moderate acne.
The minimum use of zinc for acne has not been established yet, but several older studies show that a significant reduction in acne using 30–45 mg of elemental zinc per day.
Elemental zinc refers to the amount of zinc that’s present in the compound. Zinc is available in many forms and contains varying amounts of elemental zinc.
The recommended safe upper limit of zinc is 40 mg per day. That’s why it’s probably best to not exceed that amount. If you want to exceed the use of zinc then you will have to ask you’re a medical doctor.
Taking too much zinc can cause adverse effects, including stomach pain and gut irritation.
3 – Honey and cinnamon mask
Honey and cinnamon have the ability to fight acne-causing bacteria and reduce inflammation, and we know that these are two factors that trigger acne.
A 2017 study found that the combination of honey and cinnamon bark extract contains an antibacterial effect against P. acnes.
Few kinds of research have shown that honey on its own can block the growth of or kill P. acnes.
A study in 136 people with acne found that applying honey to the skin after using antibacterial soap was no more effective at treating acne than using the soap on its own (6*).
While the anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties of honey and cinnamon may reduce acne, but more research is needed.
How to make a honey and cinnamon mask
- Mix 2 tablespoons of honey and 1 teaspoon of cinnamon to form a paste.
- After cleansing, apply the mask to your face and leave it on for 10–15 minutes.
- Rinse the mask off completely and pat your face dry.
4 – Spot treat with tea tree oil
Tea tree oil is an essential oil that is extracted from the leaves of Melaleuca alternifolia, a small tree found in native Australia.
A few small studies found that, compared with benzoyl peroxide, using a tea tree oil ointment for acne experienced less dry skin and irritation. They also felt more satisfied and comfortable with the treatment (TS).
The topical and oral antibiotics can cause bacterial resistance if used long-term for acne. Tea tree oil may be an effective substitute (TS).
Tea tree oil is very potent, so always dilute it before applying it to your skin.
How to use it
- Mix 1 part tea tree oil with 9 parts water.
- Dip a cotton swab into the mixture and apply it to the affected areas.
- Apply moisturizer if desired.
- Repeat this process 1–2 times per day, as needed.
5 – Apply green tea to your skin
We all know that drinking green tea is good for our health. Green tea is also very high in antioxidants
It also helps in reducing acne. This happens because the polyphenols in green tea can help fight bacteria and reduce inflammation,(TS).
There isn’t enough research proving the benefits of drinking green tea when it comes to acne.
In one small study with 80 women, participants took 1,500 mg of green tea extract daily for 4 weeks. By the end of the study, women who took the extract had less acne on their noses, chins, and around their mouths (TS).
Research has also found that drinking green tea may lower blood sugar and insulin levels, which are factors that can contribute to the development of acne (TS).
Some studies also show that applying green tea directly to the skin may help with acne.
Research shows that the main antioxidant in green tea — epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) — reduces sebum production, fights inflammation, and inhibits the growth of P. acnes in individuals with acne-prone skin (TS).
It is so easy to make your own green tea mixture at home, but you can buy creams and lotions from stores that contain green tea.
How to use it
- Steep green tea in boiling water for 3–4 minutes.
- Allow the tea to cool.
- Using a cotton ball, apply the tea to your skin or pour it into a spray bottle to spritz it on.
- Allow it to dry, then rinse it off with water and pat your skin dry.
You can also make a honey green tea mask by adding the remaining green tea.
6 – Apply witch hazel
Witch hazel is extracted from the bark and leaves of the North American witch hazel shrub, Hamamelis virginiana. It contains tannins, which have strong antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties (TS).
That’s why witch hazel is used to treat a wide range of skin conditions like:
- Varicose veins
- Insect bites
Right now there is only a little research available on witch hazel’s ability to treat acne.
In one small study done by one skincare company, 30 individuals are selected with mild or moderate acne used a 3-step facial treatment twice daily for 6 weeks.
Witch hazel was one of the ingredients in the second step of the treatment. Most participants experienced significant improvement in their acne by the end of the study (TS).
How to use it
- Combine 1 tablespoon of witch hazel bark and 1 cup of water in a small saucepan.
- Soak the witch hazel for 30 minutes and then bring the mixture to a boil on the stove.
- Reduce to a simmer and cook, covered, for 10 minutes.
- Remove the mixture from the heat and let it sit for an additional 10 minutes.
- Strain and store the liquid in a sealed container.
- Apply to clean skin using a cotton ball 1–2 times per day, or as desired.
7 – Aloe vera
We all know that aloe vera has one of the best herbal plants which is used for skin, hair, and many more.
Aloe vera is a tropical plant. Aloe vera leaves produce a clear gel. This gel is often used in many lotions, creams, ointments, and soaps.
Aloe vera is commonly used to treat abrasions, rashes, burns, and other skin conditions. When applied to the skin, aloe vera gel can help heal wounds, treat burns, and fight inflammation.
Aloe vera contains salicylic acid and sulfur, which are both used extensively in the treatment of acne. Research has found that applying salicylic acid to the skin reduces acne (TS).
Several studies have also indicated that aloe vera gel, when combined with other substances like tretinoin cream or tea tree oil, may improve acne (TS).
In research shows promise, the anti-acne benefits of aloe vera but it still requires further scientific research.
How to use it
- Scrape the gel from the aloe plant out with a spoon.
- Apply the gel directly to clean skin as a moisturizer.
- Repeat 1–2 times per day, or as desired.
You can also buy aloe vera gel from the store.
8 – Fish oil supplement
8 Omega-3 fatty acids are healthy fats that offer multiple health benefits.
You must get these fats from your diet, but research shows that most people who eat a standard Western diet don’t get enough of them (TS).
Fish oils contain 2 main types of omega-3 fatty acids —
- Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)
- Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
High levels of EPA and DHA have been shown to decrease inflammatory factors, which may reduce the risk of acne (TS).
In one study, 45 individuals with acne were given omega-3 fatty acid supplements containing both EPA and DHA daily. After 10 weeks, their acne decreased significantly (TS).
There’s no specific recommended daily intake of omega-3 fatty acids. The 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends that healthy adults consume around 250 mg of combined EPA and DHA each day (TS).
If you are a seafood lover then you can get omega-3 fatty acids by eating salmon, sardines, anchovies, walnuts, chia seeds, and ground flax seeds.
9 – Exfoliate regularly
Exfoliation is the process of removing the top layer of dead skin cells. You can use chemicals to achieve this, or exfoliate mechanically by using a brush or scrub to physically remove the cells (TS).
Exfoliation may control upcoming acne problems by removing the skin cells that clog pores.
Exfoliation may also make acne treatments for the skin more effective by allowing them to penetrate deeper when the upper layer of skin is removed.
Right now, the research on exfoliation and its ability to treat acne is limited.
Some studies suggest that microdermabrasion, a method of exfoliation, can improve the skin’s appearance, including some cases of acne scarring (TS).
In one small study, 38 patients with acne received eight microdermabrasion treatments at weekly intervals. The participants with acne scars showed some improvements following the treatments (TS).
Another small study found that six weekly microdermabrasion treatments helped stimulate skin repair (TS).
These results indicate that exfoliation may improve your skin health and appearance, but more research is needed on acne.
There are a wide variety of exfoliation products available, but you can also make a scrub at home using sugar or salt.
If you want to try mechanical exfoliation, then remember that it gently rub your skin to avoid damaging it.
How to make a scrub at home
- Mix equal parts sugar (or salt) and coconut oil.
- Gently rub your skin with the mixture and rinse well.
- Exfoliate as often as desired, up to once daily.
10 – Low glycemic load diet
Some peoples believe that by controlling your diet we can control upcoming acne problems. That’s why the relationship between diet and acne has been debated for years.
Research suggests that dietary factors, such as insulin and glycemic index, may be associated with acne (TS).
A food’s glycemic index (GI) is a measure of how quickly it raises your blood sugar.
Foods with a high glycemic index:
- white bread
- sugary soft drinks
- sugary breakfast cereals
Foods with a low glycemic index include:
- whole or minimally processed grains
In one study, 66 people followed either a normal or low glycemic diet. After 2 weeks, the individuals consuming a low glycemic diet had lower levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), a hormone involved in acne development (TS).
Another study in 64 people found that those with moderate or severe acne ate diets with more carbohydrates and a higher glycemic load than those without acne (TS).
These small studies suggest that a low glycemic diet may help those with acne-prone skin. Additional larger, longer studies are needed.
11 – Cut back on dairy
Few peoples believe that they can control acne by cutting dairy products on their diet. That’s why the relationship between dairy and acne is highly controversial.
Milk and dairy products contain hormones like IGF-1, which is associated with acne. Other hormones in milk may cause hormonal changes and lead to acne (TS).
One study in people ages 10 to 24 found that drinking whole milk three or more days each week was linked to moderate or severe acne (TS).
In another study including 114 participants, those with acne were found to drink significantly more milk than people who didn’t have acne (TS).
On the other hand, a study involving over 20,000 adults found no association between milk consumption and acne (TS).
Finally, several research reviews have suggested an association between dairy consumption and acne (TS).
There is more research is required for the relationship between milk and acne.
12 – Reduce stress
Stress may also affect gut bacteria and cause inflammation throughout the body, which could be linked to acne (TS).
What’s more, stress can slow wound healing, which may slow the repair of acne lesions (TS).
Multiple studies have found an association between stress and acne (TS).
However, we cannot confirm that stress and acne is totally linked with each other we just need more studies and research.
One study in 80 participants found no association between stress intensity and acne. However, it noted that acne severity may be related to people’s ability to cope with stress (TS).
Certain relaxation and stress reduction treatments may improve acne, but more research needs to be done (TS).
Ways to reduce stress
- get more sleep
- engage in physical activity
- practice yoga
- take deep breaths
13 – Exercise regularly
We all know that exercise is good for our health. Some people believe that doing exercise our body release heat and sweat, and that helps with upcoming acne problems.
There is little research on the effects of exercise on acne. Still, exercise affects bodily functions in ways that may help improve acne.
Exercise promotes healthy blood circulation. The increase in blood flow helps nourish the skin cells, which may help prevent and heal acne.
Exercise also plays a role in hormone levels and regulation (TS).
Several studies have suggested that exercise can decrease stress and anxiety, both of which can contribute to the development of acne (TS).
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recommends that adults get 150 minutes of aerobic exercise and engage in strength training activities two days per week (TS).
14 – Jojoba oil
Jojoba oil is a natural, waxy substance extracted from the seeds of the jojoba shrub.
The waxy substances in jojoba oil may help to repair damaged skin, which means it may also help speed up wound healing, including acne lesions.
Some of the compounds in jojoba oil might help to reduce skin inflammation, which means it may reduce redness and swell around pimples, whiteheads, and other inflamed lesions.
In a 2012 study trusted Source, researchers gave 133 people clay face masks that contained jojoba oil. After 6 weeks of using the masks 2 to 3 times per week, people reported a 54 percent improvement in their acne.
How to use jojoba oil
Try mixing jojoba essential oil with a gel, cream, or clay face mask and applying it to acne. Otherwise, place a few drops of jojoba oil on a cotton pad and rub this gently over acne sores.
15 – Garlic
Many traditional medicine practitioners use garlic to treat infections and boost the body’s ability to fight germs and infections.
Garlic contains organosulfur compounds, which have natural antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects. Organosulfur compounds can also help to boost the immune system, which helps the body fight infections.
How to use garlic
To fight the inflammation and infections caused by acne, people can add more garlic to their diet. Some people chew whole garlic cloves, rub them on toast, or make it into a hot drink.
People can also buy garlic powders or capsules from most grocery stores and natural health stores.
Although many online sources recommend that people apply garlic directly to pimples, this may cause further skin irritation. Garlic can burn the skin, so always use it carefully.
The bottom line
Acne is a common problem with a number of underlying causes.
Experts agree that conventional treatments like salicylic acid, niacinamide, or benzoyl peroxide are still the most effective, though some may find these irritating.
Many people choose to try natural remedies. Most home remedies for acne have not been shown to be clinically effective, but they’re available as alternative treatment options.
Nevertheless, you may want to consult a dermatologist if you have severe acne.